Novozhilov Genrikh Vasilyevich


Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (04/26/1971, 06/23/1981), aircraft designer, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1984).
He was born on October 27, 1925 in Moscow. Russian. During the Great Patriotic War, he and his mother were evacuated to the city of Penza, where he graduated from nine grades. He returned to Moscow in August 1942. He worked at the Department of Physics of the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), and a year later became a student of the Aircraft Engineering Faculty of MAI.
He completed his pre-graduate internship at OKB-240, which was headed by S.V.Ilyushin. He graduated from MAI in 1949.
After graduation, three days later he started working in the fuselage department at the Design Bureau. His first independent work in the new department was the development of the fuselage joint with the wing on the Il-14 aircraft.
During the construction of the experimental Il-54 machine, he was appointed a leading engineer for the fuselage and rescue equipment.
In 1956, he was elected secretary of the party committee of the plant.
In September 1958, he was appointed deputy chief designer of the passenger Il-18, organized the operation of these machines at Aeroflot.
In 1964, he was appointed First Deputy General Designer. The result of the work on the IL-62 was the awarding of the Lenin Prize to a group of Ilyushin residents in the spring of 1970, including G.V.Novozhilov.
In 1970, he was appointed General Designer of the Design Bureau of the Strela Moscow Machine-Building Plant.
Under his leadership, Il-76T and Il-76MF transport aircraft were created, the first Soviet wide-body passenger aircraft Il-86 and Il-96-300, Il-114 aircraft for local air lines, as well as the Il-102 jet attack aircraft.
In March 1981, a modified military transport Il-76MD was lifted into the air in Tashkent. In August, the Il-76K laboratory aircraft took off, designed for training astronauts in conditions of short-term weightlessness. 1982 was the year of the first flight of the next modification of the Il-76TD and the take-off of the experimental Il-102 jet attack aircraft. A year later, the Il-78 tanker and the Il-76MD Scalpel flying hospital were sent into the sky.
On September 28, 1988, an experienced long-range Il-96-300 made its first flight.
His scientific work is related to aerodynamic research, reliability of complex structures, and the development of fundamentally new approaches to the so-called manufacturability of developed machines and mechanisms. About one and a half hundred inventions and these “innovations” are protected by patents. Doctor of Technical Sciences (1975), Professor, corresponding member (since 1979) and full member (since 1984) of the USSR Academy of Sciences (now RAS).
He was the Chief Advisor to the Director General for Science of JSC Ilyushin Aviation Complex. He died on April 28, 2019.
He was awarded 3 Orders of Lenin (10/22/1969, 04/26/1971, 06/23/1981), the Orders of the October Revolution (10/27/1975), the Red Banner of Labor (07/22/1966), the Badge of Honor (07/12/1957), the Russian Orders of Merit for the Fatherland 1st (01/29/2016), 2nd (10/27/2000) and 3rd (11.10.1995) degrees, Friendship of Peoples (29.12.1992), medals.
Honored Designer of the Russian Federation (1.08.2005). Laureate of the Lenin Prize (1970), the prize of the Government of the Russian Federation. He was awarded the A.N.Tupolev Gold Medal of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1991, for outstanding work in the field of aviation science and technology).
Member of the CPSU (b)/CPSU in 1951-1991. In 1974-1989, deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, in 1989-1991 – People’s Deputy of the USSR.

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