Kh-22 (AS-4 Kitchen)

The winged missile developed for K-22 system

Kh-22MThis missile was destined for destruction of radar sea targets (ships) or ground targets (bridges, dams, and power stations). Its development began in 1958; tests were started in 1962. The missile was introduced into inventory by the late sixties. Tu-22K, Tu-22M2/M3 and Tu-95K-22 aircraft carriers were armed with Kh-22 missile.
The missile was powered by R-201-300 liquid-propellant engine. Missile length was 11,3 m, the wingspan – 3 m. The launch weight of missile was 5900 kg. Weight of warhead was 1000 kg. The firing range was 400 km. Missile speed was 2700-3000 km/hour.
The Kh-22 missile comes in three variants:

  1. Kh-22N with a nuclear warhead and inertial guidance
  2. Kh-22M with a conventional load for use against ships and with an active-radar operating during the final flight stage
  3. Kh-22MP for breaking through enemy air defenses (overcoming enemy radars).

During experimental tests conducted from 95-96 years the Raduga-D2 (Kh-22B version) had reached a speed of Mach 6 and an altitude of about 70 km.

Design OKB A.I.Mikoyan / MKB “Raduga”
Type Kh-22
NATO code name AS-4 Kitchen
First launch 1962
Guidance active radar or passive infra-red homing
Dimensions & Weight
Lenght, m 11,3
Wing Span, m 3
Diameter, m 0,92
Launch weight, kg 5900
Warhead high-explosive, 1000 kg, or nuclear, 350 kT yield
Warhead weight, kg 1000
Engines liquid-propellant R-201-300
Flight data
Speed, km/h 2700-3000
Firing range 400
Ceiling, m 24000

Sheme Kh-22
Kh-22M under wing of Tu-22M0 (Monino)Kh-22 under Tu-22M

References and Credits:

  1. History and aircraft of Mikoyan design bureau / «Wings of Russia», 1999, CD-ROM /
  2. «Marine aircraft missile carriers» / «Aviatsia i Kosmonavtika», N11-12, 1997 /
  3. AS-4 Kitchen / FAS – Russian and Soviet Nuclear Forces